Mahatma Phule, also known as Jyotirao Phule, was an Indian social reformer, activist, writer, and thinker who lived from 1827 to 1890. He was born in Maharashtra, India, and was a pioneer in the struggle for women’s education and social justice.
Phule was a strong advocate for the education of girls and women, and he founded several schools for them in Maharashtra. He also believed in the importance of education for the lower castes and started a school for them as well. He was a vocal critic of the caste system and fought against the social and economic discrimination faced by the lower castes.
Phule was a prolific writer and wrote several books on social issues, including his seminal work “Gulamgiri” (Slavery), which highlighted the plight of the lower castes in India. He was also a co-founder of the Satyashodhak Samaj, a social reform organization that worked towards the upliftment of the lower castes and the empowerment of women.
Mahatma Phule’s contributions to Indian society have been recognized by the Indian government, which has awarded him several honors and accolades, including the Padma Shri in 1969. His ideas continue to inspire social activists and reformers in India and around the world.