30th January marks the death of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, we popularly know him as Mahatma Gandhi. Back in 1948, at Birla house in New Delhi Gandhi was assassinated by Nathursam Godse.
The ‘Martyrs Diwas’ is also observed to commemorate the freedom fighters who sacrificed their life for country and notably Mahatma Gandhi is also in one of those freedom fighters who led several Anti-British moments and played a crucial role in freedom.
About Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi was a barrister, politician, social activist and writer who led the freedom struggle against the British rule. He was born on October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India.
His father Karamchand Gandhi had 4 wives and he was youngest child. Karamchand Gandhi was the dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar, Gujarat under British suzerainty—did not have much in the way of a formal education.
Gandhi’s Mother Putlibai, was very religious and devoted her life and time between her home and the temple.
Gandhi introduced the concept of ‘Satyagraha’ he strongly believed the non-violence path to get independence. He was the leader at several freedom moments across the country.
Because of his contribution to the country, he is called as ‘Father of Nation’.
“Have I that non-violence of the brave in me? My death alone will show that. If someone killed me and I died with prayer for the assassin on my lips, and God’s remembrance and consciousness of His living presence in the sanctuary of my heart, then alone would I be said to have had the non-violence of the brave,” Gandhi had said a few days before he was killed.
Why Godse killed Gandhi?
Gandhi played a crucial role in independence of country. There were many followers and supporters of Gandhi but at the same time some people were against his ideals and blamed him for some reasons, but as a result on 30th January 1948 Gandhi was killed by Godse right after 5 months India gained independence.
Godse assassinated him because he was against the decision of partition of India and Pakistan. Godse fired bullets on Gandhi chest during an evening prayer ceremony at Birla House in Delhi.
How Martyrs diwas is celebrated
A two-minute silence is also observed across the nation in honour of those brave hearts who sacrificed their lives for the country. The Prime Minister of India along with the President, Vice President, Defence Minister, and the three Service Chiefs visit Raj Ghat in the national capital pay tributes to Mahatma Gandhi on this day.
On Monday PM Modi paid tributes to Mahatma Gandhi on his 75th death anniversary.
“I bow to Bapu on his Punya Tithi and recall his profound thoughts. I also pay homage to all those who have been martyred in the service of our nation. Their sacrifices will never be forgotten and will keep strengthening our resolve to work for a developed India,” Modi tweeted.